Go is probably the oldest of the games that are still being played nowadays and although there is enough information to consider it as old as four or five thousand years, its origin could be certainly deemed more remote. With a Chinese origin, the legend attributes its creation to Emperor Yao, who reigned between the years 2357 and 2256 B.C. or to Emperor Shun (2255-2205 B.C.) who could have made up the game to educate his son San Jun.
However, in its ancient origins, it is rather possible that Go did not originate as a game but as a sophisticated calculation instrument, more complete and complex than abacus, or as a guessing system related with astrology and astronomy, as can be deduced from the board structure and the name of some of its points.
In fact, Go is played on a square board with nineteen vertical lines and nineteen horizontal lines that form 361 crosses or intersections, which are the points where the stones are placed. The stones, which are 180 black ones and 181 white ones, sum up also 361, which are the days of the moon year in the old Chinese calendar. But there is not only this coincidence: on the board, there are nine points remarked, which are named "hoshi", which means "stars", included the central point which is named "cenit" (Tengen).
On the other hand, there are also references of this type at the I Ching, and even in the oldest Go manual which has been conserved, Qijing Shisan Pian, published between 1049 and 1054, not only this is affirmed, but also that the four corners of the board represent the four year seasons, and the seventy-two perimeter points, the seventy-two weeks of the moon year. Go has also relationships with Taoist philosophy and its importance in old China was so great that its practice was compulsory for the education of nobility and the masters in this art, were so respected that they received the title "Sei" (saint man) or "Shing" (wise man). Go, however, has come to us only as a game, although, as we will see later, still keeps an important echo of the age-old philosophical essence that originates it. It is specially popular in China, Japan, Tibet and Korea, and is a game played by thousands of people around the world, and its strategy has lately been applied in the military field, in business managing, and politics, besides its traditional use in the educational and pedagogic field. It is starting to be known in Europe at the end of the 19th century, and in America at the beginning of the 20th.
In Spain, Go starts to be introduced in the 70s and there are already several associations and clubs in Madrid, Barcelona, Seville and Bilbao..
The Andalusian GO Association try the divulgation of GO, a game regarded by the Japanese as one of the arts to cultivate and also teaches how to live.
We are based in La Carbonería, Céspedes Street 21A in the heart of the city of Seville. We meet on Saturdays at 19:30.
In internet we can play in the sala andaluza (nationals rooms) of KGS Go Server.
Ranking of Spanish players updated by clicking on the image: